Agency: James & Mau
Location: El Cuartón de Tarifa, Andaluzja, Hiszpania
Program: Single household home
Measurement: 250 m2
Finances: 370.000 €
Group: Jaime Gaztelu, Mauricio Galeano, Jaime Bigeriego, Luis Salazar
Work style: Bioclimatic Structure, Sustainable Prefabricated Modular Development, Reusable Dry Development
The terrain is situated on a slope trying on the valley that dominates the Strait of Gibraltar. The local weather is the Mediterranean with sizzling summers and mushy winters, each humid, and really a lot influenced by the sturdy winds of Tarifa. The vernacular structure of Andalusian “pueblos blancos”* with its patios and slender streets displays how the native constructing fashion adapts to the local weather.
Lastly, the consumer anticipated us to suggest to him not only a mere residential home however a posh space that may allow the event of a number of indoor and outside actions.
Because of this, we proposed to condensate a “pueblo” on 300 m2 and switch it into a recent “Cortijo”. The principles that decide the design are the identical as those behind its inspiring prototypes.
The primary attribute factor of a “Cortijo” or “pueblo” could be the wall that delimitates it. On this home, we proposed an open and contemplative enclosure as an alternative, created by an enormous horizontal plan composed of a permeable, expanded metal mesh pergola. The latter permits management of the photo voltaic radiation each in summer time and winter making a microclimate within the enclosure.
The following step is to discover the deliberate program leading to a sequence of volumes, identical to the buildings or pavilions with totally different capabilities, which type a pueblo or “Cortijo”.
The pergola is perforated with as many holes as volumes, with a purpose to insert these in them. The occupation of the patios isn’t whole, leaving the chance for future colonization, in any case, a pueblo isn’t inbuilt a day. The identical mesh used for the pergola clothes the volumes making a continuity between the faux enclosure and these volumes.
Moreover, we created a wide range of areas constructed with particular vacancy, each inside and outdoors, which allows one to stroll in the home by way of the infinity of paths, identical to in a pueblo. These areas between the volumes enable for cross air flow inflicting airflow all through the home with a purpose to battle the summer time warmth and humidity all 12 months lengthy.
Lastly, the development entrusted to Infiniski is predicated on modular prefabricated building, sustainable supplies, and renewable energies like bio-/mass and photo voltaic thermal panels for each heating and sizzling water.
* Pueblo: Village.
* Pueblo Blanco: Typical Andalusian white village.
* Cortijo: Andalusian nation farm home.