What’s a Guzmania Plant?

Posted on


Be taught extra concerning the guzmania vegetation together with their traits, rising situations, and the way they’re used. We have included some recommendations on methods to reproduce these evergreen perennials which might be a singular addition to your backyard or windowsill.

Bright red guzmania flowers in focus all growing in a line

Genus Guzmania

The genus guzmania solely accommodates about 120 totally different species, however man oh man, are they ever good vegetation to take a look at. Higher referred to as the tufted air plant, these guys are members of the bromeliad botanical household (bromeliaceae).

This isn’t your common flowering plant. This tropical wanting phenomenon is definitely an epiphytic plant. What’s that you could be ask? You’ll should hold studying to seek out out extra!

These stemless evergreen perennials add fairly a singular look to your backyard or windowsill. Brightly coloured flower bracts contrasting shiny inexperienced leaves will add curiosity all 12 months lengthy.

What do Guzmania Vegetation Look Like?

Perfect image of blooming guzmania flower surrounded by blade evergreen leaves

Flowers

This may get a bit bit complicated. Guzmania vegetation (or bromeliad vegetation basically) don’t produce flowers within the common means that we all know them, with petals and stamens and the like.

What we understand as being the flowers of the plant are literally flower bracts. These are the brightly coloured components of the plant which are literally technically tailored leaf-like buildings. Relying on the plant, these flower bracts will are available in beautifully vibrant colours like purple, orange, yellow, and infrequently, deep purple.

These large and fairly frankly, moderately showy, brightly coloured flowers will often come up in the summertime. What makes this plant so particular, is the truth that the bloom of this plant will final a particularly very long time — we’re speaking many months, generally even over a 12 months.

Leaves

Guzmania foliage is evergreen, which means that it’ll persist and stay inexperienced for its total life (so long as it’s saved wholesome). If guzmania leaves are yellowing, meaning they aren’t proud of the quantity of sunshine they’re being uncovered to.

Every leaf is skinny and lengthy, king of like a sword form. They’re a darkish inexperienced shade with a shiny texture. The plant truly grows be including new leaves to the centre of the plant (form of a singular rising behavior).

Lovely different colored guzmani plants growing in a garden

Progress Behavior

This isn’t your common flowering plant. This tropical wanting phenomenon is definitely an epiphytic plant. What’s that you could be ask? Properly lemme inform ya!

Epiphytic vegetation are vegetation that don’t develop in soil – although, they nonetheless can develop in soil – however proper off of the floor of one other plant. You might be questioning how they’ll probably survive this fashion, however they’ve tailored fascinating methods to outlive.

They’re truly capable of receive the entire vitamins that they want merely from daylight, rainwater, and moisture within the air. They aren’t parasitic and don’t steal vitamins from their host plant, or trigger any detriment to them.

So, guzmania vegetation connect themselves by very skinny roots to the floor of one other plant. They’re stemless and leaf blades develop immediately from the supply. The plant grows by rising new leaves on the centre of the plant, and from right here grows the inflorescence.

Replica

Right here’s one other neat factor concerning the guzmania plant: they reproduce by pups! When grown outdoor, they are going to produce seeds that unfold, however solely when they’re pollinated by a fowl or an insect.

When grown indoors, they’ll solely reproduce by propagating plant pups. This may solely occur after the plant has flowered. As soon as a guzmania flower is spent, the plant will die — although not fully, so don’t fret.

As soon as this occurs, the guzmania flower might be eliminated. This permits the plant to defer its vitality in direction of rising new leaves, and finally a brand new inflorescence. This new development known as a pup (generally a rosette), and the method known as vegetative copy.

These pups (or plantlets) might be collected and propagated into new clonal vegetation. Simply bear in mind, any illnesses that the mom plant had might be handed on to the brand new plant. These might be potted individually in both potting combine or by attaching it to a different plant (however extra on that later).

Fading pink striped leaves of the guzmani plant

The place is Guzmania a Native Plant?

If it weren’t apparent by the best way it appears to be like, guzmania is a tropical plant. They’re native to very heat and humid locations like South America, Central America, the East Indies, all the best way as much as Florida.

In addition they develop prosperously within the wild within the Andean rainforests as much as altitudes of three,500 metres! They’ll solely exist in USDA rising zones 10 by 12, so don’t get any concepts Canadians! (Coming from a Canadian: these guys don’t like chilly, so don’t even strive).

What are the Rising Situations of Guzmania Bromeliad?

Air vegetation are an uncommon kind of plant, so their upkeep may additionally really feel a bit bit uncommon. They take a distinct kind of care, and power a gardener to form of re-think the best way they’re used to gardening.

Although not utterly excessive upkeep, guzmania vegetation do require some consideration, and listed here are some easy ideas that can assist you look after yours!

Prosperous group of guzmani plants in a garden with bright red flowers

Soil Kind

Okay, I do know I discussed earlier than that guzmania bromeliad is an air plant (in any other case referred to as an epiphytic plant) however they really are capable of exist in soil as properly so long as it’s the actual kind that they like!

First rule of guzmania soil: it should should should be properly drained. That is crucial facet. Since they’re used to only residing in air, it is smart that they’d hate to stay in one thing very clogged with no room to breathe.

Their most popular potting combine is similar one which one would plant an orchid. In case you don’t have entry to this kind of potting combine you’ll be able to all the time add your personal by mixing one half peat moss, one half sand (coarse is finest) and one half bark (orchid bark).

In any other case, rising guzmania might be very profitable if the plant is tied onto a chunk of bark and permitting the roots to develop into some sphagnum moss. This makes repotting splendidly easy.

Solar Publicity

Guzmania vegetation, although initially from tropical locations, are literally fairly delicate to solar publicity. They like to exist in low mild situations and will all the time be saved out of direct daylight. Oblique daylight or partial shade is finest.

Which means that they need to by no means be positioned in a south going through window, if in a window in any respect. In case your vegetation leaves are yellowing, which means they’re receiving means an excessive amount of daylight.

Beautiful pink flowers in full bloom of the guzmani plant growing in a container in a garden

Water Stage

Greater than something, these tropical vegetation like excessive humidity. It’s because as air vegetation, they get the overwhelming majority of their vitamins by rainfall and the humidity within the air.

When rising one inside, just be sure you give your plant a light-weight misting at the least as soon as a day. It is usually essential that it’s distilled water, to assist mimic the impact of pure rainwater.

In any other case, hold your plant moist by filling the “cup” that’s created naturally by the plant development. The plant mainly has its personal water vessel within the centre of the plant. This water (also needs to be distilled water) ought to be changed continuously to stop root rot.

That being mentioned, they’re truly fairly drought tolerant vegetation on the similar time, and won’t perish in case you neglect to water them. Underneath watering is all the time safer than over watering.

Temperature

Guzmania vegetation aren’t a chilly tolerant bunch. They’ll solely exist outdoor in USDA zones 10 by 12. The rest, and they need to be saved indoors as a home plant.

They’ll utterly temperatures 55 levels Fahrenheit or greater, and might be happiest in temperatures hovering between 60 and 80 levels Fahrenheit.

Pruning

The one pruning that must be completed on a guzmania plant (aside from taking away withering leaves) is deadheading. As soon as a flower bract dies again, you will need to minimize it low (in direction of the cup of the plant). That is in order that the plant can avert its vitality in direction of producing new plantlets as a way of vegetative copy.

Fertilizer

One other essential a part of guzmania care is fertilizing. They love love love fertilizer. Your guzmania plant ought to be receiving a properly balanced fertilizer each couple of weeks throughout the complete spring and summer time (crucial development intervals) after which a sluggish launch fertilizer in direction of the tip of the summer time.

Intolerances

Depsite being such an odd plant, guzmanias are surprisingly tolerant! The primary issues to recollect are that they can’t tolerate poorly drained soil, nor publicity to direct daylight.

How are Guzmania Vegetation Used?

A single guzmani plant growing in a small pot with a blooming flower

Decorative Plant

This showy tropical flowering plant is a extremely coveted decorative specimen. They’ll simply be grown in containers or in a pot and are referred to as being a prized houseplant. Protecting a guzmania bromeliad glad is an indication of a real inexperienced thumb!

Floral designers additionally love these seasonal flowers for his or her placing colours they usually make for an unique present. These tropical vegetation although not precisely a minimize flower specimen, makes for an distinctive vase plant.

FAQs

Are you able to plant guzmania outdoors?

Guzmania vegetation might be grown outdoor in USDA rising zones 10 by 12 as they won’t tolerate something colder than that. These zones are fairly just like the pure rising areas of those vegetation, and they’ll require much less care if they can develop outdoors. In any other case, they need to be saved as an indoor plant.

Are you able to divide guzmania?

Right here’s one other neat factor concerning the guzmania plant: they reproduce by pups! When grown outdoor, they are going to produce seeds that unfold, however solely when they’re pollinated by a fowl or an insect.

When grown indoors, they’ll solely reproduce by propagating plant pups. This may solely occur after the plant has flowered. As soon as a guzmania flower is spent, the plant will die — although not fully, so don’t fret.

As soon as this occurs, the guzmania flower might be eliminated. This permits the plant to defer its vitality in direction of rising new leaves, and finally a brand new inflorescence. This new development known as a pup, and the method known as vegetative copy.

These pups (or plantlets) might be collected and propagated into new clonal vegetation. Simply bear in mind, any illnesses that the mom plant had might be handed on to the next vegetation. These might be potted individually in both potting combine or by attaching it to a different plant.

How lengthy do guzmania vegetation stay?

Guzmania vegetation – if saved glad – can stay at the least 3 to 4 years. That is most simply completed if they’re saved indoors as home vegetation. Do not forget that this can be a sluggish grower, and gardening with guzmania can require some endurance.

How typically do guzmania vegetation flower?

They are going to solely flower as soon as, however every new pup you produce will produce its personal flower. This may increasingly seem to be a little bit of a bummer, however guzmania flower blooms final for a remarkably very long time! They’ll keep in bloom wherever from a fe months to just about over a 12 months.

How tall do guzmania vegetation get?

Guzmania vegetation are identified for his or her beautiful leafy bracts, not for his or her peak. They are going to often solely develop to be about 18 inches in peak general.

Ought to a guzmania plant be pruned?

The one pruning that must be completed on a guzmania plant (aside from taking away withering leaves) is deadheading. As soon as a flower bract dies again, you will need to minimize it low (in direction of the cup of the plant).

That is in order that the plant can avert its vitality in direction of producing new plantlets as a way of vegetative copy.

How typically ought to a guzmania be watered?

Greater than something, guzmania vegetation like humidity. It’s because as air vegetation, they get the overwhelming majority of their vitamins by rainfall and the humidity within the air.

When rising one inside, just be sure you give your plant a light-weight misting at the least as soon as a day. It is usually essential that it’s distilled water, to assist mimic the impact of pure rainwater.

In any other case, hold your plant moist by filling the “cup” that’s created naturally by the plant development. The plant mainly has its personal water vessel within the centre of the plant. This water (also needs to be distilled water) ought to be changed continuously to stop rotting.

That being mentioned, they’re truly fairly drought tolerant vegetation on the similar time, and won’t perish in case you neglect to water them. Underneath watering is all the time safer than over watering.

Why are my guzmania leaves turning yellow?

In case your guzmania leaves are turning yellow, likelihood is that it’s receiving an excessive amount of daylight. Merely take them away from whichever window they’re in and they need to return to regular.

What time of 12 months does bromeliad guzmania bloom?

The bromeliad guzmania plant will often bloom in the summertime, although flower blossoms will final for a lot of many months, generally as much as over a 12 months.

Can guzmania vegetation stay in full solar?

A bromeliad plant, although initially from tropical locations, is definitely fairly delicate to solar publicity. It prefers to exist in low mild situations and will all the time be saved out of direct daylight.

Which means that they need to by no means be positioned in a south going through window, if in a window in any respect. In case your vegetation leaves are yellowing, which means they’re receiving means an excessive amount of daylight.

What’s the most effective kind of soil for a guzmania?

Okay, I do know I discussed earlier than that guzmania bromeliad is an air plant (in any other case referred to as an epiphytic plant) however they really are capable of exist in soil as properly so long as it’s the actual kind that they like!

First rule of guzmania soil: it should should should be properly drained. That is crucial facet. Since they’re used to only residing in air, it is smart that they’d hate to stay in one thing very clogged with no room to breathe.

Their most popular potting combine is similar one which one would plant an orchid. In case you don’t have entry to this kind of potting combine you’ll be able to all the time add your personal by mixing one half peat moss, one half sand (coarse is finest) and one half bark (orchid bark).

In any other case, rising guzmania might be very profitable if the plant is tied onto a chunk of bark and permitting the roots to develop into some sphagnum moss. This makes repotting splendidly easy.

Is guzmania the identical as neoregelia?

Guzmania vegetation and neoregelia vegetation look very comparable, and that’s as a result of they’re each members of the bromeliad botanical household (bromeliaceae).

Why is it referred to as a guzmania plant?

The guzmania plant is called after the one who found it: Antonino Guzman.

What are epiphytic vegetation?

Epiphytic vegetation are vegetation that don’t develop in soil – although, they nonetheless can develop in soil – however proper off of the floor of one other plant. You might be questioning how they’ll probably survive this fashion, however they’ve tailored fascinating methods to outlive.

They’re truly capable of receive the entire vitamins that they want merely from daylight, rainwater, and moisture within the air. They aren’t parasitic and don’t steal vitamins from their host plant, or trigger any detriment to them.